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Sri Krishnadeva Raya


Krishnadeva Raya had been the king of the Vijaya Nagar empire in Kaliyuga's 47th century ( i.e. 16th century A.D.). He had been the son of king Narasimha Raya of the Tuluva dynasty. By overthrowing Ismail Adilshah he broke the pride of Muslim supremacy ( sovereignty ) in southern India. He is rememberd as a king who had been committed to the welfare of the people. Vijaya Nagar's famous quick-witted member of the assembly, Tenali Ram was a jewel of Krishnadeva Raya's court.

Tuluva dynasty of Vijayanagar kingdom, was founded by Krishna Deva Raya (1509 AD - 1530 AD). Under him the empire emerged as the strongest military power in the south.

 Vira Narasimha ruled for four years and in 1509 was succeeded by his younger brother Krishnadeva Raya. The Vijayanagar kingdom reached the pinnacle of its glory during the reign of Krishnadeva Raya. He was successful in all the wars he waged. He defeated the king of Orissa and annexed Vijaywada and Rajmahendri. He defeated the Sultan of Bijapur in 1512 and took the possession of the Raichur Doab. The Vijayanagar kingdom extended from Cuttak in east to Goa in the west and from the Raichur Doab in the north to the Indian Ocean in the south.

Krishnadeva Raya encouraged trade with the western countries. He had a cordial relationship with the Portuguese who had at that time established trade centres on the west coast of India. He was not only a great warrior, but was also a playwright and a great patron of learning. Telugu literature flourished under him. Painting, sculpture, dance and music were greatly encouraged by him and his successors. He endeared himself to the people by his personal charm, kindness, and an ideal administration.

The decline of the Vijayanagar kingdom began with the death of Krishnadeva Raya in 1529. The kingdom came to an end in 1565, when Ramrai was defeated at Talikota by the joint efforts of Adilshahi, Nizamshahi, Qutubshahi and Baridshahi. After this, the kingdom broke into small states.

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